Boundaries – Introduction


CGD Ltd is a chartered land surveying company specialising in boundary related issues. We pride ourselves in the use of robust and accurate large-scale topographic surveys, using the latest in electronic surveying equipment as the basis of our investigations. We are experts in analysing map and text-based property boundary records and we use specialist software to compare and overlay historic maps and plans with our topographic survey.

Our training and experience make us ideally placed to help you solve your boundary related problem.

If you have found this page you maybe a solicitor looking for help for a client, you are having issues with your neighbour and are looking for advice, or you are in dispute with a neighbour and you are looking for help. I hope you will find these pages both informative and useful.

The boundary pages in this site are created to provide you with important information about understanding boundary issues in England & Wales (Scotland and Northern Ireland have different systems). Most of the website is provided as a ‘self-help’ resource, to help landowners understand more about property boundaries.

You will also find useful information about Ordnance Survey maps and Land Registry plans and how useful they are in helping you locate your boundary.

If you are searching for specific information and you don’t find it, please contact us and we will answer your questions if we can.

Services Explained

CPR 35 Reports

CPR 35 (Civil Procedure Rules) set down the role of the expert witness and the duties they have in helping the court reach a verdict. Essentially, the role of the expert witness is to help the court or tribunal understand complex technical issues in their chosen field, and to act independently when doing so.

The report is only one part of these procedures which has to adopt a certain style and contain certain information, including a declaration that the expert is acting independantly and without prejudice.

Boundary Surveys

Electronic Total Station

At CGD Ltd a boundary survey generally means undertaking an accurate topographic survey of the disputed area. We pride ourselves in this as it sets us apart from many of the so-called ‘boundary experts’. It generally takes longer, and hence costs more than using a tape and paper sketch, but we believe that an accurate topographic survey, recording accurately the positions of relevant features, is invaluable as the basis for resolving boundary issues in many cases (not all but most).

The benefit of such a survey is that it is a very accurate representation of the features on the ground. A topographic survey can show subtleties which it would be hard to detect if using a tape measure. We also have 3D laser scanning technology which, although not used often, can prove extremely useful for certain boundary surveys.

The picture shows our electronic total station (modern theodolite) in operation. We can link this to GPS when required.

Drone Surveys

CGD Ltd has recently purchased a drone to support its boundary investigations work. The drone provides a number of benefits to us.

Drone for boundary investigatons


  • Provides a unique perspective of a boundary
  • Using specialist software we are able to make accurate measurements.
  • The drone captures photos which contain a huge amount of data
  • The photos provide a unique and permenant record 
  • Drone takes vertical and oblique photographs


Click here to see some results produced using our drone.

Boundary Investigation

Sometimes we get asked to investigate the position of a person’s boundary to make sure that the neighbour has not breeched the boundary whilst putting up a new fence or boundary structure. This can be particulary useful in rural areas where boundaries can be less defined.

On occasions we are asked to check a person’s Land Registry plan to see whether it is showing the correct boundaries.

Contact Us


‘The Studio’
25 Northwick Road

01905 24135